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Facts & figures

Facts & figures


Official name:
Bosna i Hercegovina / Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina consists of three administrative parts:
Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Republika Srpska (Republic of Srpska) and District Brčko. In addition, Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina is split into 10 cantons, smaller administrative parts.
Geographically, Bosnia and Herzegovina is made of two parts:
inland Bosnia characterized by high mountains and green forests, and Herzegovina in the south, warmer and lower part of the country extending to the Adriatic Sea.


GMT +1

$8,063 per capita
(2010 estimated)

51,209 km2

Bordered by Croatia to the north, west and south, Serbia to the east, and Montenegro to the southeast, Bosnia and Herzegovina is almost landlocked, except for 26 kilometres (16 miles) of Adriatic Sea coastline, centred on the town of Neum.

The Mediterranean and Alpine influences meet in Bosnia and Herzegovina and create a mosaic of climate types within a relatively small area. The south enjoys warm, sunny and dry weather, with very mild winters. In the more continental areas the weather is similar to that of Central Europe – hot summers, cool springs and autumns, and cold winters with considerable snowfall.
The Mediterranean and continental climates meet in the middle, creating one of the most diverse eco-systems in Europe. The mountains create a climate of their own. The Alpine climate rules the mountain terrains of the high Dinarics above 1,700 meters.
The winters there are extremely cold, with temperatures well below zero for more than six months of the year.
Inland is the larger geographic region with a moderate continental climate, marked by hot summers and cold, snowy winters. The southern tip of the country has a Mediterranean climate and plain topography.

According to the last population census there were 4,354,911 inhabitants in Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1991. Due to warrelated death and migration, that number is lower now. Policy makers estimate that the country's population is now around 3.8 million people and steadily growing, and that over one million B&H citizens now live abroad.

• Bosniaks
• Serbs
• Croats
• Minorities

Bosnia and Herzegovina is home to three ethnic "constituent peoples": Bosniaks, Serbs and Croats. Despite different religious and/or ethnic background, their language, traditions and culture are more similar than not. The people of Bosnia and Herzegovina are southern Slavs, with varying religious backgrounds.

• Islam
• Orthodox Christianity
• Roman Catholicism
• Judaism
• Minority religions
(Baptism, Evangelism, Adventism, ISKCON etc.)

Bosnia and Herzegovina is a country at the crossroads of eastern and western civilizations. Muslims, Orthodox, Catholics, Jews and others live here together. In this country it is hard to find a town that doesn't have both churches and mosques.

There are three official languages spoken in Bosnia and Herzegovina: Bosnian, Croatian, and Serbian. For the local people there is a great importance attached to the name of the language. For practical purposes, there are no significant differences.
Both Cyrillic and Latin alphabet are used. However, Cyrillic alphabet is more dominant in Republika Srpska, while Latin alphabet prevails in Federation of B&H.
English is the most outspoken foreign language in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Most young people will have at least some knowledge of English almost anywhere you go.

Bosnia and Herzegovina is a very open country. Citizens of EU, Croatia and Serbia can enter the country with valid ID Cards and others need a valid passport. Citizens of following countries do not require visa for entering: Andorra, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Brunei, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, El Salvador, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Guatemala, Honduras, Hong Kong, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Korea, Kuwait, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macau, Macedonia, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands New Zealand, Nicaragua, Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Russia, San Marino, Serbia, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom, Uruguay, USA, Vatican and Venezuela.
Others are required visas and can get one through the B&H embassies in their respective countries.
Officially, people who enter the country need to register with the police within 24 hours after their arrival if they are not accommodated in hotels.

National and nature parks:
Sutjeska National Park, Una National Park, Kozara National Park, Hutovo blato, Blidinje

Longest river:
Sava is the largest river of the country and it forms northern natural border with Croatia.

Other major rivers in B&H are: Bosna, Drina, Neretva, Una, Vrbas.

Highest mountain peak:
Bosnia and Herzegovina is mostly mountainous, encompassing the central Dinaric Alps and mountains measuring up to 2,386 m in height. The 1984 Olympic Games were held on mountains surrounding Sarajevo.

1. Maglić 2,386 m
2. Volujak 2,333 m
3. Čvrsnica 2,228 m
4. Vranica 2,110 m
5. Prenj 2,103 m
6. Treskavica 2,086 m
7. Vran 2,074 m
8. Bjelašnica 2,006 m
9. Lelija 2,032 m
10. Zelengora 2,014 m

Spas and health resorts:
There are 15 spas and thermal resorts currently registered in Bosnia and Herzegovina as health care institutions. Their use has a long tradition as the healing properties of thermal springs in B&H go back in centuries.


The national currency is the (Euro-pegged) Convertible Mark (KM), controlled by the currency board. It is divided into 100 pfennings.
The two parts of the country (Bosnian Federation and Republika Srpska) use different notes (except a banknote of 200 KM) made in one style, but with different design. All notes are accepted in both entities.

Coins: 5, 10, 20 and 50 pfennings; 1, 2 and 5 KM

Banknotes: 10, 20, 50, 100, 200 KM

Power supply:
220 V, 50 Hz

Banks & postal service:
Banks and post offices can be found in every city in Bosnia and Herzegovina and most towns and villages as well. They are mostly opened from 8 am to 5 pm on weekdays, and from 8 am to 2 pm on Saturdays.

Grocery stores open around 6 am every day in a week and work until 8 pm at least on weekdays and Saturdays and until 3 pm on Sundays. Stores open 24 hours can be found in all cities and most of the towns.

Credit cards:
International credit cards Visa, MasterCard, Diners etc. are accepted in the majority of stores, hotels and restaurants. However, in smaller towns it is recommended to have a sufficient amount of cash.

Medical care:
There are many public health clinics in Bosnia and Herzegovina and emergency medical service is available everywhere 24 hours a day. Private medical practices are common in cities. In major centers, there are many pharmacies; there is usually at least one that is open 24 hours a day.

To phone B&H from abroad, the country code is +387. When phoning from B&H dial 00 plus country code without the 0 – number.

Mobile operators:
There are three mobile operators in Bosnia and Herzegovina
BH mobile www.bhtelecom.ba
HT Eronet www.eronet.ba
M:tel www.mtel.ba
All offer prepaid and post-paid services and packages.

Bosnia and Herzegovina has 1.5 million Internet users and 31.2% penetration rate. Internet country code is .ba. Internet cafes are common in urban centers.

Holidays and non working days:
1&2 January - New Year
7 January - Orthodox Christmas (Republika Srpska)
9 January - Republic Day (Republika Srpska)
14 January - Orthodox New Year (Republika Srpska)
1 March - Independence Day (Federation of B&H)
8 April 2012 - Catholic Easter (Federation of B&H)
15 April 2012 - Orthodox Easter (Republika Srpska)
1&2 May - Labour Day
30 August 2011 and 19 August 2012 - Eid ul-Fitr (Federation of B&H)
6 November 2011 and 26 October 2012 - Eid al-Adha (Federation of B&H)
21 November - Dayton Agreement Day (Republika Srpska)
25 November - Statehood Day (Federation of B&H)
December the 25th - Christmas (Federation of B&H)

Different courier services are available in Bosnia and

Herzegovina including:
DHL www.dhl.ba
FedEx www.fedex.com/ba
UPS www.ups.com/content/corp/worldwide/europe/bosnia.html
TNT www.tnt.com/express/generic/en_ba/site/home.html

Car rental:
Bosnia and Herzegovina hosts a range of global rent-a-car companies, with outlets all across the country. Cars can be booked over the phone, Internet or at airports and city offices.

There are several airports in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Sarajevo International Airport and Banja Luka International Airport are used the most for both transportation of passengers and cargo services, but Mostar International Airport is also used for cargo and charter flights. Tuzla International Airport is a civilian airport and a military airbase. There are numerous military airports and public airports that are not in use all over the country.

There are 21,846km of road in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Roads are mainly single lane in either direction with lower speed limits (mostly 80kph). Driving with your lights on (day or night) is obligatory.
Highway is currently in construction with a part of it in function from Kakanj to Sarajevo and around Banja Luka.

There are mines in Bosnia and Herzegovina and, with the clearing process progressing slowly, there will continue to be mines for the decades to come. But that does not mean that visiting Bosnia and Herzegovina is unsafe. So far, no visitor has ever been involved in a mine incident. However, it is recommended to be well informed about minesites.
For more information, you could visit the Mine Action Centre (MAC;
Zmaja od Bosne 8 in Sarajevo) or visit the center's website www.bhmac.org